Acid Reflux

This is typically a condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) move backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This movement can irritate the esophagus resulting into heartburn and other symptoms.

Signs and Symptoms

More common symptom are:

  • Heartburn or burning pain in the chest
  • Nausea after eating
  • Cough or wheezing
  • Sore throat
  • Hiccups
  • Feeling that food is stuck behind the breastbone


The possible causes of acid reflux are:

  • Alcohol (possibly)
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Scleroderma
  • Hiatal Hernia


  • The best way to treat acid reflux is to make certain lifestyle changes. Avoid foods that cause problems for you. Your doctor may suggest antacids after meals and at bedtime.
  • When medicines seem to show no positive outcomes, GERD surgery may be needed. The Department of General and Minimally Invasive Surgery has renowned surgeons who are expert in performing this type of surgery. The main surgery performed for consistent heartburn is called fundoplication. In laparoscopic fundoplication, the surgeon operates from outside the body using tools inserted into the abdomen. During open fundoplication, he or she operates directly using his or her hands.This Laparoscopy surgery requires a shorter recovery time with less pain compared to open surgery.
  • Laparoscopic advanced GI surgery (small bowel, large bowel stomach)
  • Laparoscopic and open surgeries for benign and malignant gastro intestinal disease.
  • Surgeries for benign and malignant hepato pancreatic disease.

General Surgery & Gastrointestinal Surgery

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