Cholesterol is a type of fat, one which is a major building block of various substances including the cell membrane of every cell in our body, digestive juices released by the gall bladder and the sex hormones. Not all cholesterol is bad. We need some cholesterol for our bodily functions and the liver can make that easily in our body. But the problem starts when the level goes beyond necessary.
High cholesterol is one of the major controllable risk factors for coronary heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. The higher your blood cholesterol is, the greater your chance of developing coronary heart disease.
Bad Cholesterol is scientifically referred to as LDL or Low Density Lipoprotein. The Bad cholesterol tends to block the arteries.
Good Cholesterol also known as the HDL or the High Density Lipoprotein acts as a cleansing agent cleaning up the bad cholesterol from the arteries.
Like high blood pressure, high cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia) itself is not a disease, but a condition that can lead to some very important consequences-
Most of the times there are no symptoms and this is the reason why it is advised to get your cholesterol levels checked by a doctor regularly. People who do not suffer from any heart disease or high cholesterol; it is recommended that the level be checked every 2 years.
High blood cholesterol is primarily treated with lifestyle changes and medicines. The major objective of treatment is to lower your low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level enough to reduce your risk for coronary heart disease, heart attack, and other related health problems.